Shingles are caused by the varicella-zoster virüs.This virus is also the cause of chickenpox. In a person who has had chickenpox (in most cases during childhood), the virus remains hidden quietly in the nerve roots. One day , they can become active again and cause a new painful rash. This is called shingles or herpes zoster.
Cardiac arrhythmia is the feeling that the heart beats seem to be more accelerated than normal. A person can simply feel a discomfort with their own beats or have the feeling of lack or interruption of these beats. The heart rhythm may be normal or abnormal. The cardiac arrhythmia can be felt in the chest, throat or neck.
Many people think sepsis is the same with blood infections or septicemia. This assumption is less appropriate because of sepsis will not only attack blood.Sepsis attacks whole part of the body including the organs. While septicemia is a condition that arises due to the ingress of bacteria into the bloodstream and can trigger sepsis.
Glaucoma is a condition which makes sufferers experience visual the disturbances. According to the UN World Health Organization , glaucoma is the second largest cause of blindness worldwide after cataract.
Bile is fluid in the gallbladder that play a role in the digestion of fats. If this liquid hardens, it will form gallstones. The size of gallstones varies. Some are as small as a grain of sand and as big as a ping-pong ball. The number of stones that form in the gallbladder also vary, for example, there are people who have only one stone and nothing more.
Gallstones form due to hardening of cholesterol which accumulates in the bile. This occurs because of the imbalance between cholesterol and chemical compound in the fluid.
Gerd or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) is a fairly common problem in the community. This condition is caused by the rising of stomach acid towards the esophagus and cause heartburn pain or burning sensation in the chest. The esophagus which is also known as the part of digestive tract that connects the mouth and stomach.
Thalassemia is a blood disorder caused by genetic factors and protein in the red blood cells or hemoglobin do not function normally. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin which serve to deliver oxygen from the lungs to the whole body. Patients with thalassemia have low hemoglobin levels to function properly. Therefore, the level of oxygen in the body of patients with thalassemia is low.
Dandy-Walker Syndrome is a congenital developmental disorder of the brain that can have various causes.In the disease, the fourth cerebrospinal fluid chamber (ventricle) is enlarged and the chamber extends to the posterior cranial fossa. In addition, the cerebellum is often malformed.
Crohn’s Disease is one of the long-term inflammatory bowel disease where inflammation can occur at all layers of the wall of the digestive system ,from mouth to anus. This condition occurs more often in the final part of the small intestine (ileum) or in the large intestine. Crohn’s Disease can be painful, make the body feel weak and sometimes can lead to complications that threaten the life of sufferers.
Cholera is a caused by the bacterium vibrio cholerae. The bacteria are transmitted mainly through contaminated drinking water with feces. If cholera is untreated ,it can be life-threatening because body loses a lot of liquid and becomee dry.