Monthly Archives: Feb 2017

Jaundice Definition

Jaundice DefinitionJaundice is known as yellowing of the skin, mucous membranes or eyes due to a high concentration of bilirubin in the blood. Thus, normal numbers of bilirubin are 0.3-1 mgr / dl, while jaundice is detected when serum levels are greater than 2 mgr / dl. In this article, we will try to give you best jaundi

Bilirubin is the product that is obtained from the disintegration of the red blood cells of hemoglobin and may increase because of various diseases of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas or blood. Bilirubin sits in the tissue and causes the skin, mucous membranes and membrane of the eye (sclera) to turn yellow. It is easy to recognize if general concentration of bilirubin in the blood is greater than two milligrams per deciliter (mg / dl).

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What is Flatulence?

What cayses flatuenceIt is spoken of meteorism when the abdomen is swollen and globulous by the presence of air in the intestine. Gasses or flatulence refer to the output of an excess of intestinal gas by the anus.

In most cases, gas (flatulence) is safe and passive. For example, improper food, fast meals and stress, as well as a number of intestinal diseases can lead to gases. Depending on their cause, flatulence may be accompanied by diarrhea, abdominal pain, abdominal cramps or constipation (intestinal obstruction) and feeling of heaviness.

The gases can also be due to other intestinal affections, as well as diseases of the pancreas and of the vesicle. To make a precise diagnosis of the flatulence (gases), the main thing is to carry out a complete anamnesis. It is important for doctors to know what patients take medications, which previous diseases or diseases that accompany gases before, what patients have eating habits and their lifestyle. After an in-depth physical examination, other diagnostic measures may be necessary depending on the case. These include ultrasound tests on the abdomen, x-rays or blood tests.

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Why Do I Have a Lump Behind My Ear?

Lump Behind My EarYou can discover a strange protrusion behind your ear while you are having bath or combing your hair.These nodules usually do not itch, do not hurt, do not bother and even you don’t feel them. People who have these nodules usually realize their existence when they become harder.

The first thing to know is that, except in very exceptional cases, these formations are not dangerous, but should be kept under observation to monitor their development. If you are wondering why you have a lump behind your ear, we will explain some of the most common causes of appearance of nodules behind your ear and what to do to disappear these nodules and guide you to seek medical help.

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Dry Cough Causes

 Dry Cough CausesDry cough is called a strongis called a strong without expectoration. Dry cough usually sounds hard and as’’barking’. Dry cough especially occurs when respiratory tract is irritated. It appears, for example: In incipient colds and in many lung diseases, but it can also be as a side effect of some medicines. The penetration of foreign bodies, different inflammations such as laryngitis or inflammation of the bronchial mucosa (bronchitis) can irritate espiratory tract and produce a dry cough.

Depending on the cause, other discomforts may occur such as sore throat, sneezing, hoarsenes or dyspnoea. Cough is usually a protective reaction of the body. Cough reflex triggers it to release the respiratory passages from foreign bodies that have penetrated pathogenic germs and phlegm. Various inflammations or allergic reactions may also be responsible for dry cough.

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Foods To Increase Platelets

 Increase PlateletsThe function of platelets in our body is fundamental because they are part of the process of blood clotting. A normal platelet count goes from 150,000 to 450,000, but several pathologies may cause platelet levels to fall and internal bleeding may occur. A low platelet count is a serious matter that requires medical supervision. But, you can find extra help with proper diet to fix this condition. You can learn a list of foods to increase platelets and improve your health in this article.

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Enlargement of Thyroid

Thyroid Enlargement  Thyroid hormone affects all cells in the body and controls most of the body functions. The pituitary gland and  hypothalamus in the brain regulate amount of thyroid hormone which is produced by the thyroid.

The pituitary gland releases thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) which directs the thyroid to produce more thyroid hormone. By detecting the correct amount of thyroid hormone in the body, pituitary gland decreases the production of hormone.

The thyroid may be enlarged if the production of thyroid hormones is altered which is what happens in most cases. If the enlarged thyroid produces more hormones, it is called hyperthyroid (hyperthyroidism). Hyperthyroidism is hyperfunction of the thyroid gland. If the thyroid produces too few hormones, it is called hypothyroid struma (hypothyroidism: hypofunction of the thyroid gland).

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What Causes Pulmonary Edema

Pulmonary Edema Causes Pulmonary edema is the accumulation of fluid in the lung tissue. This situation can occur for multiple reasons. Pulmonary edema can be the consequence of various diseases. Heart failure is the most common cause in developed countries, followed by kidney disease.

Pulmonary edema is a serious illness characterized by difficulty in breathing, discomfort and coughing. Breathing is characterized by a sound that resembles the bubbling of water. The medical examination to determine severity of the edema consists of a radiograph of lung and a blood gas analysis. On the other hand, an additional diagnosis of the causes that accompany the edema is necessary. Treatment of pulmonary edema and prognosis will depend on the accompanying disease.

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Vaginitis Symptoms

Vaginitis Symptoms

Normally, vagina of a mature woman is protected against infection by the vaginal environment itself (with an average pH of approximately 4) and with an intact mucosa. This protection is maintained even when many pathogens enter the vagina. If the protection mechanism of the vagina is destroyed, for example: due to antibiotic treatment, lack of estrogens, diabetes mellitus or by objects such as tampons, pathogens can cause vaginitis (colpitis). Bacteria and fungi are the most common cause of inflammation of the vagina. Transmission usually occurs during sexual intercourse. For this reason, inflammation of the vagina is encompassed within sexually transmitted diseases. Inadequate hygiene may also be the cause of vaginitis.

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What is Edema?

What is EdemaBy definition, an edema is accumulation of fluid in the extracellular space of the body. This condition happens because of fluid leaves the blood vessels and accumulates in the tissue or in certain cavities of the body such as the abdominal cavity.

“Heavy, swollen legs” in the afternoon and ankle edema are a typical kind of edema. But fluid accumulations can occur throughout the body and feel like a general feeling of swelling that affects several areas. Edema is characteristic of numerous diseases and disorders of metabolism. In some cases they are temporary and not so important as due to hormonal changes prior to menstruation. But fluid accumulation in the tissues may also be due to serious diseases such as heart failure or liver cirrhosis or less severe such as venous insufficiency or diabetes.

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Potassium Function in the body

Potassium Function in the bodyPotassium belongs to the mineral elements and is found especially in cereals, vegetables and fruits. It is also present in foods of animal origin. Adults need daily about two grams of potassium. Potassium is included in many foods, normally the needs of potassium are covered with a normal diet. Potassium deficiency is rare condition in public.

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