Monthly Archives: Mar 2017

What is Sinusitis?

sinusitisSinusitis is an infection of the paranasal sinuses in which the mucous of the sinuses (sinus) becomes inflamed. This frequent inflammation may be acute or chronic. In most cases, the cause of the inflammation is virus or bacteria. Sinusitis may be associated with hereditary factors.

Sinusitis may arise in isolation or be associated with signs and symptoms of a general respiratory disease. The typical symptoms of sinusitis are headache and facial pain, as well as a greenish-yellow nasal discharge. Diagnosis can be easily made based on these discomforts. A physical examination and complementary tests such as X-ray images help complete the diagnosis.

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What is Salmonella?

Salmonellosis is a form of gastroenteritis caused by eating foods contaminated with salmonella bacteria (salmonella enteritis) that results in abdominal pain, vomiting, fever and diarrhea. It is characterized by an incubation period of 6 to 48 hours. Symptoms usually last 4 to 7 days. To prevent salmonellosis, it is important to take care of the preparation of the meals, the cooling of the food and the proper washing of the hands.

Salmonellas are bacteria that are mainly found in animals. But they can also be found in people. There are many kinds of salmonella that cause disease in humans. In addition to salmonellosis produced by salmonellae, also called salmonella enteritis, in which the infection is confined to the intestinal tract (from Latin enteritis, inflammation of the intestine), salmonellas are also responsible for serious general infections such as typhus and paratippes. In the case of these two latter diseases it is salmonella in the broadest sense of the word (diseases caused by salmonella bacteria). Salmonella is commonly referred to as the form of the disease that causes enteritis. In all cases of salmonella, it is obligatory to notify the authorities.

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What is Sarcoidosis?

Sarcoidosis treatmentSarcoidosis is a rare inflammatory disease characterized by the presence of small nodules (granulomas). Most affected organs are the lungs and lymph nodes, although the lesions can manifest in almost all organs of the body.

These new nodular formations of sarcoidosis are due to a failure in the regulation of the immune system. So far it is not known for sure why this failure triggers sarcoidosis. There may be a relationship between sarcoidosis and hereditary or environmental factors. Sarcoidosis usually develops in the 20s and 40s, and affects men to a lesser extent than women.

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Anaphylactic Shock Definition

Shock CausesAn anaphylactic shock (allergic shock) is the most severe form in which an allergic reaction may occur as it may endanger the life of the patient. Anaphylactic shock, also called allergic shock or anaphylaxis, is a type of allergic reaction that can be fatal. Anaphylaxis occurs as the body’s response to an allergen that a substance activates the immune system because the body considers it a threat.

Allergies are not the same for everyone, each person may have allergies to certain substances or not present any allergies. Allergies are common to natural substances such as pollen, hair of some animals or some food. But allergies to materials such as latex can also develop. Allergies to pollen and hair do not usually cause anaphylactic shock, but rather allergies biting of some insects, food or medication may cause anaphylactic shock.

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How to know if I have kidney stones?

StonesKidney stones are solid masses made up of crystals of various sizes that are lodged in our kidneys. Also known as kidney stones, it can take a long time to form, so the patient does not suspect its existence until the first symptoms appear. But how do I know if I have kidney Stones? In this article, we explain in detail the first signs of this condition.

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Symptoms of Pertussis

 SymptomsPertussis is an acute infectious disease of the respiratory tract caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. Pertussis is no longer a purely infantile disease because it is increasing in young people and adults. At present, approximately 90% of school-age children are vaccinated.

Whooping cough is transmitted through sneezing or coughing. The first symptoms of whooping cough are similar to those of a cold: mucus, sneezing, hoarseness and mild cough. Coughing attacks are characteristic of whooping cough which occur after about two weeks. Number of pertussis cases increases in autumn and winter.

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Circulatory Disorders

Circulatory disordersAge and an unhealthy lifestyle cause blood vessels to lose elasticity and cause them to narrow. The consequence is that circulatory disorders appear suddenly or in the framework of arteriosclerosis. However, circulatory disorders can be prevented.

A circulatory disorder may appear suddenly (acute) or very slowly (chronic). Disorders can affect many areas of the body: Circulatory disorders of the extremities (arms or legs, sometimes just hands or fingers or toes) are common. Similarly, circulatory disorders can cause different symptoms. Pain often occurs in the corresponding areas; Insufficiently irrigated areas may be depleted or even die.

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What is post-traumatic stress disorder?

Stress disorderA post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a reaction delayed by a traumatic experience. It occurs frequently after serious events such as sexual abuse, natural disasters or bodily violence and can greatly limit the quality of life of the affected person.

People with post-traumatic stress disorder experience same traumatic event like in the form of memories or nightmares and tend to avoid similar situations. Other possible symptoms are irritability, difficulty concentrating, social isolation, fears, nervousness or depressions.

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What is Tenosynovitis?

TenosynovitisAn overload which is related to the continuous repetition of a movement may cause inflammation of the tissue surrounding the tendon. The result is tenosynovitis (inflammation of the sheath surrounding the tendon). Tenosynovitis affects mainly people who work with the computer daily. Athletes, dependents, bartenders, hairdressers and warehouse staff can also develop this injury.

The tendon sheath encloses and protects the tendons, especially in the area where they extend directly through the bone or bony prominences due to the excessive friction that occurs in these areas. Through the joint fluid (synovial fluid) inside, the tendon sheaths facilitate the movement of the tendon. Overuse of certain tendons lead o inflammation of the tendon sheath. The most common is inflammation that occurs in the wrist. However, tenosynovitis can occur in any tendon which is covered by this sheath.

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What is Binge Eating Disorder?

What is binge eating disorder and how is treatedBinge eating disorder is also called compulsive eating disorder (CAT) which belongs to the group of eating disorders along with anorexia nervosa and bulimia. Patients quickly ingest large amounts of foods that are often very high in calories. People who suffer from binge eating are often overweight and obese. They also often suffer from depression, anxiety and feelings of guilt.

Binge eating term began in the 1990s such as “overdose syndrome” or “compulsive ingestion disorder” and since 1994 it is considered a clinical condition of its own. Since 2013, the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic Handbook for Mental Illness recognizes “binge eating disorder” as the third eating disorder after anorexia nervosa and bulimia.

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