Age Spots Symptoms and Treatment
Age spots (lentigo senilis, solar lentigo) are benign lesions that occur increasingly in late adulthood. Few centimeters large dark spots are formed mainly on the face,on the back of hand,on the neckline and on the forearms.
Age spots are caused by pigments that accumulate in the epidermis. This occurs when the skin is damaged by long-term UV irradiation or when free radicals increase in skin.People are over 60 years are affected more. In this age group,nine of ten people have age spots. Depending on your lifestyle and UV exposure severity form pigment spots.
Age spots are usually harmless, no medical treatment is necessary. Some sufferers feel the pigmentation as disturbing
Laser treatment is particularly effective and gentle to the surrounding tissue. In the process, the dermatologist remove individually each disturbing age spot. Doctor can easily determine whether you have a harmless age spot or whether it may be a form of skin cancer.
You can prevent all signs of skin aging such as : protect yourself from excessive exposure to sunlight, especially wear appropriate clothes and use sunscreen.Additionally, it is advisable that you avoid social drugs such as alcohol and tobacco smoke – this can promote the formation of free radicals which increase age spots. An adequate supply of antioxidants can help the body’s protection system against these aggressive oxygen compounds. These include:
- Vitamin C
- Vitamin E
- Coenzyme Q10
Age Spots Definition
Age spots (Lentigo senilis, Lentigo Solaris) include – such as moles and freckles. The brown spots on the skin are caused by a locally increased deposition of brown pigment lipofuscin (is also called age pigment) in the skin. An age spot is always sharply defined, can be up to several centimeters large and occurs almost exclusively on skin which usually are not covered by clothing, especially in the face, the arms and the décolleté.
Age spots (lentigo senilis, solar lentigo) can be seen in the course of adult life with increasing frequency. In case of strong UV radiation,age spots can occur starting at the age of 40.Especially,age spots occur in light-skinned people.
Age Spots Causes
A treatment of the pigment spots – whether physically, chemically or mechanically, can only be done if it is beyond doubt that it is in the skin spots to age spots. Before you have age spots removal, should be ruled out in every case. Doctor rule out behind the brown skin discoloration whether it is skin tumor or not.
Various bleach can be used for age spots . Many bleaching creams contain watercress extract. This is attributed to a strong bleaching effect.
In the treatment of age spots with the different bleaching agents can lead to incompatibilities with redness, itching and hives. Therefore, you should test the creams before treatment on a small area, for example on the inside of your wrist. In addition, the ingredients in conjunction with UV radiation can cause skin irritation.
Therefore, you should apply it in the evening and if it is possible,you can apply it in sun-deprived time.
Mechanical Methods for Treatment
There are various mechanical methods which can provide suitable long-term effective treatment. These include:
Dermabrasion , top layer of skin is abraded.
Fruit acid peel, acid removes the top layer of skin
Cryotherapy, doctor freezes the top layer of skin with liquid nitrogen.
Modern laser aims to remove age spots.There are different modern laser methods, for example:
- Alexandrite laser
- Erbium-YAG laser
- Ruby laser
The dark pigment-rich structures of age spots absorb the light of the laser much more than normal skin. Light energy transforms into heat in the tissue.
Age Spots Complications
Age spots usually take a good course – benign spots rarely cause complications. After some treatments such as dermabrasion and chemical peels on the skin can increase the risk of infection and inflammation.
After a peeling treatment for age spots, an appropriate follow-up is important in the course. So, a treatment with antibiotics is advisable after the peeling due to the increased risk of infection under certain circumstances. You can also support the healing of the affected skin with special care.
The cause of age spots are photodamages of the skin by long UV irradiation. Age spots occur when the brownish pigment lipofuscin accumulates in the epidermis. By UV-light reactive molecules lead to increase oxidation and this causes the formation of the age pigment which is also called ‘’free radicals’’.
Skin has a complex protection system in order to keep the free radicals in control.Various antioxidants (for example, vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids, coenzyme Q10, zinc and selenium) support them.
Age spots occur mainly on the parts of the body that are more exposed to the sun: hands, forearms, face and décolleté. Sunburn or frequent sun baths encourage their emergence in people with fair skin. However, intense exposure to the sun is not the only trigger of age spots: Other possible causes which promote the formation of free radicals and related cellular aging are for example :
- Tobacco smoke
- Different drugs
- Nitrates and nitrites from food
How to Prevent Age Spots
There are several simple measures which you can prevent age spots. In general,if lighter skin is exposed more sun light,age spots occur higher.
The best way to combat the signs of aging such as loss of elasticity and age spots :
Avoid excessive UV-irradiation
Use adequate sun protection
For this purpose, you should wear long-sleeved clothing, sun hats, peaked caps and sunglasses.
You should put some cream in any case with a sufficiently high sun protection factor at high sunlight to your hands and face. In everyday life, a day cream with integrated sun protection is recommended.
In addition, you should pay attention to a healthy diet.You need to get daily requirement of protective antioxidants (vitamin C, vitamin E, carotenoids, coenzyme Q10, zinc and selenium). Also, you should not smoke and avoid alcohol to counteract skin aging.