Blood Clots During Menstruation
Blood clots in menstruation are masses that form when blood hardens to a solid subtance. The presence of blood clots during menstruation is a common occurrence and is not considered serious in most cases. This occurs especially at night, when blood during the menstrual phase accumulates longer and coagulates. However, it is no more than a body mechanism whose function is to stop bleeding by creating anticoagulants. In this article from authoritycure.com, we will explain to you the possible causes of the blood clots in the menstruation to know why the formation of these small masses occurs and in what situations you should go to the doctor.
Function of Blood Clots
Coagulation is the process which blood changes from liquid to solid without achieving a completely hard or compact subtance. In this way, when a blood vessel suffers of some damage, walls contract to decrease the passage of blood while platelets adhere to repair the damage. In addition, there is also a mechanism to form a clot that helps stop bleeding. Blood clots in menstruation have the same function, stop bleeding. When blood collects inside the vagina, it is easier to coagulate and small clots of 5 mm or even large clots of 4 cm may form. However, in most cases blood clots are not dangerous and endanger the woman’s health.
Why Menstruation Can Come With Clots?
Especially after childbirth or during the teenage phase, woman undergoes sudden changes in the levels of progesterone and estrogens. When this happens, the flow is more likely to change, including the presence of clots in the blood during menstruation. It can also be one of the premenopausal symptoms, a phase in which hormone levels also change.
The presence of blood clots in menstruation can also be caused by a disorder in the endometrium. It is the muscular membrane that lines the uterine wall and that detaches during the menstrual period. However, women who suffer from this disorder develop the tissue outside the uterus. As a consequence, this tissue is present in organs other than the reproductive organs. Endometriosis can cause clots with menstruation.
Anemia is the lack of iron in the body. Given that the body needs this mineral to produce anticoagulants, a lack of this can derive in the presence of masses of blood.
Uterine cysts, polyps or fibroids
The growth of tissue inside the uterus is most common during a woman’s fertile years. Although they are generally benign, it is possible that some uterine fibroids are cancerous, so you should not ignore this. One of the symptoms of uterine cysts, polyps or fibroids are blood clots in menstruation.
Some diseases that cause infection in the female reproductive organ can affect the uterus, the fallopian tubes or the ovaries, leading to menses accompanied by blood clots. One of the most frequent is pelvic inflammatory disease whose most notable symptom is abdominal pain in the pelvis.
A more abundant bleeding occurs during the menstrual period which may be accompanied by abdominal pain. In these cases, clot is not due to menstruation, but to loss of the fetus during the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.
When to see your doctor
If the presence of blood clots in menstruation is accompanied by other symptoms, such as severe pain or excessive bleeding, it is advisable to consult your gynecologist for a review. These are some cases in which you should consult your doctor:
- Bleeding during menstruation lasts longer than usual
- Menstruation is accompanied by fatigue or fainting
- The blood clots are very large
- Blood clots smell strongly
- Blood clots are yellowish or grayish in color
- The blood flow is very intense