Chickenpox (varicella) is a highly contagious infectious disease that occurs mainly in children and causes an itchy rash with blisters. The disease is usually benign. In most cases,there are no complications of chickenpox. Pregnancy and a weakened immune system include some risk factors for a complicated disease.
Overweight and obesity frequently occur in children and adolescents.Therefore, this development is worrying because obesity severely limits the quality of life and can lead to serious health damage.
Among the possible consequences of severe overweight and obesity include ; diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia (increased cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood) and cardiovascular diseases. If these factors get together, this is called’’metabolic syndrome’’. Accordingly, obesity also affects life expectancy.
The Anencephaly is a severe congenital malformation: Large parts of the brain and the skull roof are missing in the children who are concerned. Head has a typical shape like a frog head or toad head.
The Anencephaly is as the spina bifida which is called’’ neural tube defects.’’ Both neural tube defects are about equally common and occur as a result of a developmental disorder of the nervous system during the third to fourth week of pregnancy.
Alveolitis is an inflammation of the small air sacs (alveoli) where the gas exchange between blood and air takes place. The alveolitis develops in many cases of occupational origin. Farmers who inhale dust from moldy hay are often affected.
Short Overview of Cystic fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is an inherited metabolic disease. Patient’s genes are changed which are important for the production of body secretions. These are much tougher than usual. Consequences include respiratory problems and digestive disorders. Cystic fibrosis is incurable. With a consistent treatment of the disease can also be slowed. Nevertheless, the life expectancy is significantly shortened.
Croup is an acute infection that is caused by several types of viruses. Classic symptoms of croup is a paroxysmal onset of coughing and often accompanied by shortness of breath.
Varicose veins (varices, varicose veins,) are cylindrical Outgrowths or extensions of superficial veins. The blood vessels forms as balls and tortuosity shimmer bluish through the skin, especially on the legs. Varicose veins can also occur elsewhere on the body, such as in the area of the esophagus. Varicose veins can cause symptoms such as swollen feet and aching legs and bleeding in the esophagus.
Tetanus is a serious infectious disease which is caused by bacteria. The symptoms of the disease – strong and long-lasting muscle spasms – are very excruciating. Untreated tetanus causes to death. Excitation and transmission of tetanus Tetanus is caused by an infection with the bacterium Clostridium tetani.
An acidification (acidosis) of the body is caused by a disturbed regulation of the acid-base balance: Normally, the human body can compensate acid-base balance with its buffer systems. When all of a sudden acids incurres, so that the pH in the blood drops below 7,36 and acidifies the body. A lung and a kidney function disorder can cause Acidosis.
Amaurosis occurs when the eye can not perceive light. Various diseases are eligible as a cause of amaurosis. Accordingly, other symptoms may occur depending on the underlying disease.
The technical term of Amaurosis refers to blindness, inability of a sensation of light. This corresponds to the scientific definition of blindness.