Category : DİSEASES

How many bones are in the human body?

Bones in the bodyMany wonder how many bones are in the body. We all know that there are many bones in the body but could you tell the exact number?

Today we will see in more detail each of the bones that form our skeleton, this almost perfect structure that allows us to walk, run, stand up, after all, our structure of sustenance.

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What are chigger bites?

Chigger bitesChiggers are mainly referred to as chigger bites. They just bite and feed on humans during the larvae phase of their development. Fully matured chiggers consume plants.

Chiggers are mites that closely resemble ticks. Chiggers usually live in forests, grassy fields and soils around lakes and rivers and require a high amount of moisture to live.

These extraordinarily small mites can get on your rousers, shirt sleeves or collar when you walk through the vegetation that contain chiggers. When they stuck on your clothes, they start to find open skin for sucking. 

Contrary to myth, chiggers do not dig into the skin or drink your blood. However, chiggers bite people’s skin.

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What causes to hepatomegaly?

Hepatomegaly causesHepatomegaly means liver enlargement. The various liver components can be uniformly or unevenly enlarged. This is referred to as harmonic or disharmonic hepatomegaly. Often a liver disease is the cause of organ enlargement.

Sometimes, however, there are also diseases of other body organs that can be the cause of organ enlargement. Read more about causes, signs and treatment of hepatomegaly.

The term hepatomegaly means nothing other than liver enlargement. The liver is wedge-shaped, two-lobed organ. It is argely situated in the right upper abdomen, just below the diaphragm. It is the central metabolic organ and the largest gland of the body with approximately 1.5 kilograms.

If the liver is enlarged, it is usually a fatty liver. Other diseases are the cause of a hepatomegaly. In many cases there is an enlargement of the spleen, in addition to liver enlargement. Medical experts then speak of hepatosplenomegaly.

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What is the difference between benign and malignant tumor?

Difference between benign and malignant tumorThe development of cancer is a complex process. Between the development of the individual cancer cell and the occurrence of a detectable cancer disease can happen in several years. Tumors can have different causes, but they always have a degenerate cell with a defective genome.

The causes of a tumor can be accidental, but also accumulated DNA damage due to risky behavior such as smoking. Because the starting point of a cancer is the genome. The genes, the carriers of the hereditary cause damage that can no longer be repaired. Three groups of genes play a role as the cause of tumors: the oncogenes, the suppressor genes and the repair genes.

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What causes skin rashes?

Skin rash causesSkin rash can suddenly appear at different parts of the body and look quite different: for example, spots, blisters or scales can form on the skin. Infectious diseases such as chicken pox or measles can be behind the skin rash. There are also allergies or various skin diseases including psoriasis or neurodermatitis. Here you will learn what skin rash mean and how it is treated.

The human skin consists of about two billion skin cells, which protect the body against pathogens, sun radiation, sun exposure, excessive heat loss, dehydration and also from overheating. The skin is also the largest organ of the body. Skin covers an area of ​​about two square meters and weighs a total of ten kilos in an adult human being.

The skin usually responds immediately and visibly to external and internal influences – with a rash that can also extend to larger areas of the skin. The skin rash may consist of colored spots, liquid-filled vesicles, pustules, wheals or nodules. Based on the appearance of the rash, dermatologists can often close the cause. Itchy rash is not uncommon – the itching is a frequent concomitant symptom. The rash can also cause burns or pain or a feeling of warmth.

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Respiratory syncytial virus

Respiratory syncytial virusPeople who are affected by respiratory syncytial virus are mostly small children, but also adults can get sick. The symptoms can be harmless and resemble a simple cold. Severe courses can be fatal. However, the disease heals itself within a few days in most cases.

The term RS virus (or RSV) stands for the English term respiratory syncytial virus: it is a virus that leads to the fusion of cells (syncytia) in the respiratory tract. The pathogen resembles the flu virus and occurs worldwide.

A seasonal accumulation of outbreaks can be observed: In Europe, most people develop the respiratory syncytial virus between November and April, most often in January and February.

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Contact dermatitis signs and symptoms

Contact dermatitis symptomsIn the case of contact dermatitis, the skin of affected persons react allergic to certain substances that come into contact with it. Affected areas can be reddened and can form itchy, wet and bubbles. Certain ointments can reduce the symptoms. Read all about the symptoms and treatment of a  contact dermatitis.

The contact dermatitis is an overlapping reaction of the immune system to a certain substance with which the skin has come into contact. The affected areas of the skin react allergic. Contact dermatitis is relatively frequent. Over a quarter of the population reacts to at least one substance in the World.

In the case of an allergy, the body’s own defense system is directed against substances which are virtually harmless. These substances are called allergens. They consist of vegetable or animal proteins, but also of inorganic substances such as metals, and are normally harmless. If the immune system still fights it, it is called an allergic reaction.

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Why do i feel extreme fatigue?

Why do i feel so fatiguedFatigue or exhaustion is a common symptom. Everyone knows the feeling of being tired, weak and exhausted because it can affect everyone at some point in their life.

Fatigue or exhaustion is almost always temporary and can be attributed to specific and very different causes such as lack of sleep, a day of intense and stressful work, a tiring trip, a stressful situation or excessive exercise.

However, behind exhaustion, weakness and exhaustion can also hide illness, especially if the discomfort is long lasting and goes beyond general laziness.

If fatigue persists over time, it is advisable to go to the GP for review. Permanent fatigue is a symptom of many diseases. In some cases, symptoms such as weakness, lack of vigor and constant fatigue may be due to chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).

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What causes stork bites in newborns?

Stork bite causesA stork bite is found at newborn babies. It is a special form of the nevus flammeus. For most children, stork bite disappears in the first years of life. Read here everything important about the stork bite.

Immediately after birth, the benign lesion, which can reach a size of about five millimeters to ten centimeters, can be recognized as a red, irregular, but clearly defined spot. Stork bite usually appears in the neck of newborns. Sometimes, this special form of the lesion is found in other areas of the head (such as the forehead, eye or nose) and is also often referred to as the “angel kiss”.

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What is a female condom?

Female condom typesThe female condom is a contraceptive method used to prevent unwanted pregnancies and to protect against sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS, hepatitis, syphilis or gonorrhea.

The female condom provides women with a greater degree of autonomy to prevent infectious diseases. With the female condom it is not essential that men use a conventional condom, but it is the woman who decides on the use and protection of a condom.

The female condom is a soft polyurethane or transparent latex tube that is inserted into the vagina as a second skin before maintaining intercourse. The female condom forms a barrier between the vagina, cervix, labia majora and the penis.

Since the female condom can be taken up to eight hours after inserting it into the vagina and it is not noticeable at all, it is a contraceptive method that offers a lot of flexibility and spontaneity.

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