How cocaine affects the nervous system?
Cocaine is a white crystalline powder obtained from the leaves of the coke vat by various chemical processes. It has both an intoxicating effect and an anesthetic effect. Cocaine is one of the illegal drugs and possession of cocaine is prohibited and prosecuted under the Narcotics Act.
To successfully address and solve a problem of drug addiction, it is very helpful to educate yourself and to understand drug addiction. This is especially true in the case of cocaine, which has natural origins (the coca plant) and was widely promoted for medical use before being known as a highly potent and addictive stimulant. That is why , everybody has to know how cocaine affects the nervous system.
In addition to understanding the basic facts about the history of cocaine and the highly addictive properties of cocaine, it is important to understand exactly how it affects the nervous system.
Cocaine and the Central Nervous System
The central nervous system is a very complex machine that is composed of many parts that depend on each other and includes the brain and spinal cord.
This vital system controls the rest of the nervous system, providing critical information that is used in all other aspects of our bodies. In fact, without the functioning of the central nervous system at full capacity, we would be unable to live because we would not have the blood pumping through our body or the oxygen circulating through our lungs.
The brain is the main point of control of the central nervous system, and is made up of neurons. These neurons communicate with each other in order to tell us how to feel, behave and other tasks by naturally occurring chemicals called neurotransmitters.
Neurotransmitters are released in response to certain stimuli and then captured or reabsorbed as needed. As an example, endorphins are neurotransmitters that are released in response to the stress the body feels during exercise. Endorphins can result in a reduction of stress, and can also make the individual feel a kind of “high” which is a kind of reward for work.
An important function of the central nervous system is its ability to re-absorb neurotransmitters so that the body can remain in balance, even while communicating. An example illustrating the importance of this function has to do with the neurotransmitter dopamine, which is released as part of the pleasure and reward processes in the body.
Something as simple as a good meal can result in the release of dopamine, which makes the individual feel happy and relaxed. However, too much dopamine in the brain can make the individual feel very euphoric and happy, which can potentially lead to inappropriate behavior and the inability to make wise decisions.
The central nervous system prevents this from happening by releasing the neurotransmitter GABA, which inhibits dopamine and allows the body to remain balanced. That is unless a substance like cocaine is introduced into the mixture.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse has indicated that cocaine affects the central nervous system (through the brain) in two main ways. First, cocaine stimulates the release of dopamine into the empty spaces between neurons, essentially flooding the brain with this neurotransmitter. This makes the user feel really good, but exceeds normal healthy levels and can lead to euphoria.
The brain will fight to regain balance by releasing GABA to inhibit dopamine but unfortunately, this will not work when cocaine is in the area. This leads us to the second way in which cocaine affects the central nervous system: it actually blocks the release of GABA, which prevents dopamine reabsorption. This is why cocaine users feel so euphoric after taking the drug, their central nervous system is flooded with dopamine with no way to counteract it.
Obviously, the immediate effects of cocaine on the central nervous system are potentially devastating to the body, but unfortunately, they do not stop there. Long-term abuse of cocaine and addiction can actually damage dopamine receptors in the brain so that they do not function properly.
This means that the individual can continue to take cocaine and the brain can be flooded with dopamine and brain will not be able to successfully read the message being sent. In other words, the individual will no longer be able to experience the normal feelings of pleasure and reward – of anything in life.
The solution for cocain
Fortunately, cocaine addiction can be resolved completely and successfully. So that the individual’s central nervous system is restored to a healthier state. The path to full recovery can be long and hard, but with the right direction of the physical, mental and emotional causes and effects of cocaine use, as well as the appropriate life skills that prevent one from using cocaine Or other drugs in the future. For better life, individual can break their relationship with cocaine and restore a healthy balance to their body.