Erysipelas Symptoms and Treatment What is Erysipelas A erysipelas is a localized inflammatory disease of the skin.It often occurs on the lower legs and also can occur anywhere on the body. Most bacteria use minor injuries of the skin to penetrate into deeper layers of the skin. Erysipelas can be controlled well if it is detected early and treated effectively. Here you can learn more about the erysipelas. What is Erysipelas ?

Erysipelas is bacterial skin disease.Bacteria penetrate into the deeper skin layers and multiply  therein through small wounds on the body surface. The body tries to combat these bacteria which these cause to an inflammation of the skin. The result is a flat, usually sharply demarcated redness and painful swelling. As the inflammation spreads to the point of entry of the pathogen, there can be appearance of a rose blossom.

Diseases such as the Erysipelas can form also blisters and pustules in the affected areas of the skin and nearby lymph nodes. Knee or groin also can swell. Affected people feel sick and develop a fever.

Bacteria can infect any area of the skin. Often, erysipelas occurs on the leg or sometimes in the face. The bacteria are usually streptococcus (A,C,G) and less frequently by staphylococci.Both of these two bacteria respond  well to antibiotics. The Erysipelas is easily treatablebut must be recognized properly and at an early stage, because the infection can also continue to spread in the body and lead to blood poisoning (sepsis), heart inflammation (endocarditis), or nephritis (Glomerulonephritis). It is also important to distinguish erysipelas by other diseases, because it can be confused with thrombosis, other inflammatory processes, or even a tumor.

Erysipelas can occur within a few months again even after successful treatment. Unfortunately, this is very typical because people have with skin injuries or skin diseases repeatedly provide attack points for bacteria. Particularly,it is easy for pathogen to penetratewhen the immune system is weakened. Therefore, especially old people are affected by erysipelas.

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Erysipelas SymptomsThe main symptom of the erysipels is typical, usually sharply demarcated and painful swelling of the skin. It’s not often that the redness of the skin occurs as the first symptom. Sometimes patients seek due to non-specific complaints to the doctor.There can be fever at the begining of the infection, a headache and a strong feeling of illness. Redness is not seen at this point but often burns or hurts can be seen already. Shortly thereafter, the swollen, red erysipelas is formed around the entry point of the bacteria. Typical signs of erysipelas affected skin area are:

  • Warming
  • Swelling (Edema)
  • Pressure pain
  • Surface redness
  • Swelling of the nearby lymph nodes

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The erysipelas is caused by bacterial infection of different layers of the skin which spreads to all sides and creates reddish areolas. Mainly erysipelas is triggered by a specific streptococcus pyogenes. However, other streptococci or staphylococci (another genus of bacteria) can cause erysipelas.

Streptococci come naturally in the most people on the skin and on the mucous membranes without any discomfort. The skin acts as a natural barrier that protects us from diseases and infections. The body surface is colonized by bacteria that make us sick, because they can not penetrate into the body.On the contrary, they often prevent more dangerous bacteria which attack skin. However, an injury to the skin can penetrate the bacteria in the deeper layers of the tissue and causes to inflammation.

It is important to understand that the sole contact bacteria does not make you sick.There must always be injury on the skin. This injury can be a scratch, abrasion, cut, dry, chapped skin, or an athlete’s foot. Bacteria can penetrate the surface of the body, when the protective function of skin is affected.

Consulta i dati aziendali e trova i contatti verificati di T3 - Total come effettuare un prelievo da iq option S.R.L., Roma (Roma) Enabling factors for an erysipelas: Diseases that damage skin can promote an erysipelas. A typical example is a lymphoedema after breast surgery. Other factors include:

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Kidney damage
  • Varicose veins
  • Lymphedema
  • Malnutrition
  • Circulatory disorders
  • Skin fungus
  • Dry, cracked skin
  • Atopic Dermatitis
  • Minor injuries of the skin or of the nail bed

if bacteria can penetrate the top layer of skin,immune system often created to eliminate these bacteria quickly and let to injury heal. Some diseases or therapies interfere blood supply or suppress the immune system.In these cases , bacteria can spread in the tissue easily.

These include for example:

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Chemotherapy for cancer
  • Arteriosclerosis
  • Alcohol addiction

Especially children and the elderly are more commonly affected by lumpy skin.

Erysipelas Investigation and Diagnosis

Doctor can diagnose erysipelas on the apperance and symptoms of patient. Depending on the stage of the disease docto can find also general information on infection. A rise in temperature (fever), the change of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and other altered blood values help the doctor to assess the physical response and the severity of the infection. Wound swabs for the detection of pathogens are in erysipelas rarely helpful and bacterial cultures can be obtained from the blood only when the bacteria have penetrated already in large numbers in the bloodstream. It is especially important to search for the  entry of the bacteria.

In addition, doctor must clarify what risk factors or diseases enable the emergence of an erysipels. The difficulty in the diagnosis of erysipelas is to exclude other causes. A variety of diseases may cause redness and swelling of the skin and each requires a specific therapy.Therefore, it is important to distinguish exactly which disease is present in the patient.

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Erysipelas TreatmentA erysipelas therapy should always be started as soon as possible after diagnosis by the attending physician.In erysipelas treatment, antibiotic is used mostly. In some cases erysipelas disappears by itself, but it also threatens serious complications such as sepsis, cardiac or renal inflammation.

click here Standard in the Treatment Erysipelas

Erysipelas treatments differ slightly depending on the expert opinion. However, some basic approaches have prevailed:

The standard erysipelas therapy comprises a 10 up to 14 days continuous antibiotics.If erysipelas is usually caused by streptococci (group A, C, G), antibiotic penicillin is particularly suitable for erysipelas treatment. Some patients are allergic to penicillin, other antibiotics such as erythromycin, or clindamycin can be used in this case.

In addition to antibiotic treatment for erysipelas, other measures help the body to fight the infection.

watch Alternative Healing Methods

Many people prefer homeopathic treatment approaches at an erysipelas. An Erysipelas is a serious infectious disease that must be treated. it can cause life-threatening infections, you should not unnecessarily delay the antibiotic administration. In addition, homoeopathic ointments can help and support the healing process. However, erysipelas is not suitable for self-diagnosis or self-therapy.

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Some people often suffer from erysipelas and must often be treated more than once. Recent studies have shown that in such cases a long-term administration of antibiotics may reduce the repetition rate (recurrence). For this special form of erysipelas treatment, there are various forms of administration, either as a tablet or as an injection. Through these regular administration of antibiotics, a bacterial infection can be combated already at an early stage, before it comes to infection. Erysipelas Clinical Course and Prognosis

If erysipelas is detected early and treated properly, prognosis is usually good. Common entry points are injuries to the nail bed or athlete’s foot. People with weakened immune systems and impaired circulation are particularly affected. To avoid the recurrence of erysipelas,patients need a medical pedicure. Possible Complications of Erysipels

Vicious circle can be broken only by an efficient treatment.If erysipelas is untreated , erysipelas can spread into deeper skin layers (cellulitis) and cause considerable damage to the body’s tissues and organs.

In addition, the bacteria can enter the blood and trigger blood poisoning (sepsis). In this way, it can also cause inflammation of the inner heart wall (endocarditis).

Kidney can become inflamed (glomerulonephritis)

However, all of these potentially life-threatening complications can be prevented by a term consistent treatment of erysipelas.

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