Gonorrhea symptoms in women

Gonorrhea symptomsGonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that is triggered by infection with bacteria (gonococci). Typical for gonorrhea is inflammation of the sex and urinary organs with purulent discharge from the urethra. However, other body sites may also be affected by gonorrhea. The use of condoms can drastically reduce the risk of infection with gonorrhea. Read all the important facts about gonorrhea.

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). It is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococci), which was discovered in 1879 by the dermatologist Albert Neisser.

Inflammation of the genital organs and the urinary tract occurs in the case of gonorrhea. Typical gonorrhea in the man is a purulent discharge from the urethra. In women, the symptoms are usually much weaker, so gonorrhea remains unrecognized in women.

If gonorrhea is not treated, there may also be a spread of the gonococci in the body. The gonococci are transmitted by unprotected sex with an infected person.

Also an infection of the child at birth by the mother is possible. In the past, this form of gonorrhea was probably the most common cause of the blindness of children in the Western World.

To prevent this, a one-percent silver nitrate solution was added to the newborn at the time. Today antibiotic eye drops or ointments can be used for this purpose.

Occurrence and frequency of gonorrhea

Gonorrhea is common throughout the world. Gonorrhea is spread throughout the world. Only people suffer from this sexually transmitted disease (STD). According to estimates by the World Health Organization (WHO), gonorrhea represents the third most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) with approximately 106 million new cases per year.

Gonorrhe is particularly affected by younger adults, with both women and men get sick. By the year 2000, gonorrhea was a notifiable disease. The average age is about 30 years. By the year 2000, gonorrhea was a notifiable disease.

Some gonococcal strains are resistant to antibiotics

According to estimates by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the coming years, gonorrhea could pose great problems for mankind. The reason for concern is the observation that some gonococcal strains have become resistant to the usual antibiotic gonorrhea therapy.

Already, gonorrhea (gonorrhea) is treated with a combination of two antibiotics, since a preparation alone does not provide adequate safety. Globally, more and more completely resistant gonococcal strains are found, especially in the Asian region.

Typical gonorrhoeal symptoms are the inflammation of the urinary and sexual organs and a purulent discharge from the urethra. In many cases, however, there are no symptoms of a gonorrhea infection (silent infection).


Symptoms of gonorrhea in women and men

Typical gonorrhoeal symptoms are the inflammation of the urinary and sexual organs and a purulent discharge from the urethra. In many cases, however, there are no symptoms of a gonorrhea infection (silent infection).

Gonorrhea causes only about a tenth of all infected men no discomfort. On the other hand, only about half of all infected women diagnose the typical gonorrhea symptoms. The problem: If you do not have symptoms of gonorrhea, you do not know that it has a contagious disease. Thus, gonorrhea is often unknowingly passed on. This means a high risk for the unrecognized spread of gonorrhea.

Gonorrhea symptoms are usually seen two to seven days after infection. One distinguishes acute gonorrhea symptoms from chronic ailments.

Acute gonorrhea symptoms in men:

  • Burning pain while urination. At worst, there is a feeling of “glass splinters in the urethra”
  • Redness and painful swelling of the penis and foreskin
  • Purulent discharge from the urethra. Initially, only small amounts are produced that are slimy. But the amount increases very quickly, the outflow looks yellowish-creamy
  • In anal intercourse, gonorrhea can cause inflammation in the rectum (rectal gonorrhea). It can be noticed by mucous-purulent impurities in the stool and pain during bowel movements
  • Through oral intercourse, inflammation can occur with throat pain in the throat (throat gonorrhea). However, infection of the throat with gonorrhoeal pathogens causes no symptoms in 90 percent of the cases

Mild symptoms of gonorrhea

Acute gonorrhea symptoms in wome:

  • In the early stages, the gonorrhea symptoms can be very mild. It can cause discharge and light burning during urination. The discharge from the vagina can be foul-smelling.
  • Inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis) may indicate a purulent or bloody discharge
  • Sometimes gonorrhea spreads within the internal genital organs, which can lead to inflammation of the uterus, fallopian and ovaries. Fever, abdominal discomfort, discharge and a smear bleeding ocur
  • Rectal gonorrhea often occurs in women when the pathogen spreads from the genital tract to the rectum (secondary infection)
  • Without treatment, a chronification of the gonorrhoeal symptoms may occur. The local symptoms on the mucous membranes disappear predominantly, but the pathogens penetrate into deeper tissue coatings where they can cause chronic inflammation

In both genders, gonorrhea infection can spread throughout the body and gonorrhea symptoms can also occur at other body sites. In these rare cases (about one to three percent) the symptoms include fever, skin changes, painful joint inflammation and tendonitis.

 It is only exceptionally that the gonorrhoeal agent spreads to the brain membranes (meningitis) and the heart (endocarditis). If a gonorrhoeal infection is present during birth, an infection of the conjunctivae in the eyes may occur in the newborn.

If you suspect symptoms of gonorrhea with yourself or your partner, do not be afraid to see a doctor!


Gonorrhea causes and risk factors

The cause of gonorrhea is an infection with the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococci). Gonorrhea is transmitted primarily by unprotected sex with an infected person. Bacteria-containing body fluids must come into direct contact with the mucous membrane (for example, urethra, cervix, rectum, throat, eye conjunctiva).

 Outside the human body, gonococcal are very fast, which is why a transmission takes place almost exclusively through unprotected vaginal, oral and interracial intercourse. The bacteria first multiply locally at the infection site and trigger an inflammation there. This can spread further if it is untreated.

Pregnant women who are suffering from gonorrhea can also infect their baby during birth. This can lead to a severe eye infection (“newborn blennorrhea “). An infection can be prevented by a preventive (prophylactic) treatment with antibiotic eye drops or ointments.

Especially in women the symptoms of gonorrhea are often very small and difficult to detect. This can spread the disease easily. The use of condoms can drastically reduce the risk of contagious gonorrhea.


How is gonorrhea diagnosed?

A specialist for skin and sex diseases is the right contact for suspected gonorrhea. The doctor or the gynecologist can also be a first point of contact if you suspect gonorrhea.

Doctors are subject to a duty of secrecy: do not be afraid to see a doctor for symptoms that might be appropriate for gonorrhea.

For the diagnosis of gonorrhea, the pathogens (gonococci) must be detected. The gonococci are detectable microscopically in a swab from the or eye conjunctiva. In order to safeguard the diagnosis of gonorrhea, a cultural proof must also be provided. This means that gonococci can reproduce on a suitable medium nutrient from a smear and can then be reliably detected.

For effective gonorrhea therapy, various antibiotics are also tested for their effectiveness (antibiogram) in the bacterial culture. Thus, one recognizes which antibiotics are particularly sensitive to the gonococci and which active substances are ineffective.


How is gonorrhea treated?

Antibiotics are suitable for gonorrhea therapy. Previously, penicillin was used for the treatment of gonorrhea. In recent years, penicillin resistant gonococcal strains from Asia and Africa are more common. Therefore, other antibiotics are now recommended for gonorrhea treatment. At least two different antibiotics are used in combination.

In most cases of gonorrhea, the gonococci are already dying after a single administration of the antibiotics and are then no longer detectable. Nevertheless, it is not recommended to stop gonorrhea therapy too early: this promotes the development of resistance and resistant germs are difficult to treat.

All sexual partners of the gonorrhea infected persons must also be examined and treated if necessary. If a gonorrhea infection without symptoms was accidentally discovered, all sex partners of the last 90 days should undergo gonorrhea therapy. Until the end of therapy, it is important for all concerned to dispense with unprotected sex.

Newborns with purulent conjunctivitis caused by gonorrhea receive a single dose of antibiotics into the muscle (intramuscularly) or into the vein (intravenously). In addition, eyes and conjunctiva should be regularly washed with saline solution.

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