What are chigger bites?
Chiggers are mainly referred to as chigger bites. They just bite and feed on humans during the larvae phase of their development. Fully matured chiggers consume plants.
Chiggers are mites that closely resemble ticks. Chiggers usually live in forests, grassy fields and soils around lakes and rivers and require a high amount of moisture to live.
These extraordinarily small mites can get on your rousers, shirt sleeves or collar when you walk through the vegetation that contain chiggers. When they stuck on your clothes, they start to find open skin for sucking.
Contrary to myth, chiggers do not dig into the skin or drink your blood. However, chiggers bite people’s skin.
Chiggers mostly bite of hair follicles or skin pores or where the skin is as inguinal areas, behind the knees and under the armpits. When the chigger bites, it inserts an enzyme into the skin that causes the skin tissue to liquefy.
The surrounding skin hardens and forms a a feeding tube for the mite called stylostome. This allows the mite to aspirate the liquefied tissue.
Chigger bites symptoms
Symptoms of a chigger bite usually appear within one to three hours after the chigger injects the enzyme into your skin. The stylostome causes itching for several days, the worst of which is experienced in the first 1-2 days after the bite. The area of the bite becomes red and can remain flat or embossed. Bites chiggers occasionally resemble pustules or blisters. It can take up to two weeks after the chigger bite to heal completely.
How to treat Chigger bites?
If you are suffering from chigger bites, apply locally calamine lotion and corticosteroid creams to relieve itching. You can also orally take antihistamines like diphenhydramine. However, stay away from home remedies for chigger bites that include the application of enamel, alcohol or bleach for the skin.
These treatments are based on the false assumption that chiggers dig into the skin and do not ease the discomfort. Prevent bites by wearing long pants, long-sleeved shirts and boots outside. Mosquito repellents also remove penetrating fleas.
How to get rid of from chigger bites?
Many chiggers never end up banishing you because you scratch them or wash them away while they feed. Since they can not feed themselves, they will starve. If chiggers have not bitten you yet, kill them by washing clothes that are infected with hot water and have a soapy bath.
To eliminate the penetrating fleas outdoors, keep your well-groomed garden breaking down the brush and keeping the cut grass. For temporary relief, sprinkle your garden with an insecticide containing bifenthrin, carbaryl, cialotrine, or permethrin at the end of April or early May. However, insecticides do not provide a long-term solution.