What is Cardiac Arrhythmia Symptoms and Treatment ?

what-is-cardiac-arrhythmiaCardiac arrhythmia is the feeling that the heart beats seem to be more accelerated than normal. A person can simply feel a discomfort with their own beats or have the feeling of lack or interruption of these beats. The heart rhythm may be normal or abnormal. The cardiac arrhythmia can be felt in the chest, throat or neck.

In general, the cardiac arrhythmias are not considered to be severe. However, this depends on the sensations of representing an abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia).


What Are The Causes Of Cardiac Arrhythmia?

Under normal conditions, the heart beats between 60 and 100 times per minute. In people who exercise routinely  or who receive medications to decrease the heart rate, the frequency can drop to 55 beats per minute. If your heart rate is fast (over 100 beats per minute), this condition is called tachycardia.

  • Cardiac arrhythmias can be caused by:
  • Anemia
  • Anxiety, stress and fear
  • Use of pills for weight loss
  • Exercises
  • Fever
  • Over-ventilation
  • Low levels of oxygen in the blood
  • Disease of the heart valves including prolapse of the valve atrioventricular left
  • Thyroid is overly active.

Risk factors

Some factors are considered to be at risk for the development of cardiac arrhythmia.

They are:

  • Excessive use of caffeine
  • Some medications, including those for the treatment of disease of the thyroid, asthma, high blood pressure or heart problems
  • Use of cocaine
  • Use of nicotine (mainly cigarettes).

Cardiac Arrhythmia Diagnosis

Seek medical help immediately if there is:

  • Loss of consciousness of someone
  • In case of burning in the chest, sweating, unusual dizziness or a feeling of failing.

The doctor also should be called if:

  • Heart beats extra are frequent
  • Person has risk factors for heart disease such as high cholesterol, diabetes or high blood pressure
  • Palpitations are new or different.
  • Pulse beats more than over 100 times in per minute in the absence of exercise, anxiety or fever.

In the medical consultationCardiac Arrhythmia Diagnosis

Write down your symptoms and take them to the doctor. Do not forget to describe them in detail so that the expert can perform correctly diagnosis. The doctor may even ask you some questions. Check out the examples:

  • Do you feel lack or interruption of the beats?
  • Do you feel heart rate slow or fast during abnormal heart rhythm ?
  • Do you have the feeling of heart beat accelerated in shocks or trembling?
  • When did cardiac arrhythmia begin and end?
  • When does cardiac arrhythmia occur (When you are lying down orresting,when you change position)?
  • Do you have any other symptoms?

As part of the physical exam, doctor will check your temperature, pulse, respiratory rate and blood pressure. You should pay special attention to the heart and lungs .

If there are no symptoms of cardiac arrhythmia in the consultation, the doctor will ask you which was the pulse at the time the palpitations began and the heart rate seemed to be regular or not.

Diagnosis of Cardiac Arrhythmia

The doctor will obtain your medical history to cardiac arrhythmia, perform a physical examination and an electrocardiogram.

In case of pain in the chest, shortness of breath or other symptoms of concern and if the patient is in the emergency room, your cardiac rhythm will be monitored. If it is necessary, an emergency intervention will be performed to restore a normal heart rhythm.

Most common diagnostic tests are :

  • Electrocardiogram
  • Monitoring cardiac (for example: use of a Holter monitor for 24 hours, or another type of monitor for two weeks or more)
  • Echocardiogram
  • Intracardiac electrophysiology study (EPS)
  • Angiography of the coronary arteries.

The doctor may also perform other specific tests to identify the underlying cause of the cardiac arrhythmia.


Treatment Of Cardiac Arrhythmiatreatment-of-cardiac-arrhythmia

The treatment of cardiac arrhythmia depends mainly on the underlying cause. Talk with your doctor about the best treatment option for your case.

Drugs for Cardiac Arrhythmia

The cardiac arrhythmia can have various causes, so the treatment varies according to the diagnosis. Therefore, only an expert can tell which medicine is most suitable for your case, as well as the correct dosage and duration of treatment. The most common medicines in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmia are:

  • Ancoron
  • Atenolol
  • Digoxin
  • Cimetidine

Always follow to the letter the guidance of your doctor and NEVER quit or do something by yourself. Do not stop using medicine without consulting your doctor. if you take it more than once or in much larger amounts than prescribed, follow the instructions on the label.


Cardiac Arrhythmia Prognosis

  • No smoking
  • Eat well balance diet and low in fats
  • Exercise regularly
  • Try to practice techniques of stress control such as yoga, tai chi or meditation
  • Make sure that the blood pressure and cholesterol levels are under control.

Possible Complications

The complications which arise with cardiac arrhythmia also rely exclusively on the underlying cause. Talk with your doctor about possible treatments and keep in mind that diseases and other conditions which are not treated may develop into health problems more serious and often intractable.


How to Prevent Cardiac Arrhythmia

To prevent the cardiac arrhythmia, you should try to reduce stress and the risk factors for heart disease:

  • No smoking
  • Eat well balance diet and low in fats
  • Exercise regularly
  • Try to practice techniques of stress control such as yoga, tai chi or meditation
  • Make sure that the blood pressure and cholesterol levels are under control.

Careful with the caffeine

Coffee, tea, chocolate and soda contain caffeine and are known for their stimulating effects on our nervous system. Caffeine can also generate a contraction and the faster the beating of the heart, and is not recommended for people who suffer from arrhythmias.Recommended consumption is to drink up to 300ml per day, if all is well. Under suspicion, ideal is to ask the cardiologist if there is a need to stop the consumption.

Alcohol

The excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages is directly associated to arrhythmia. The excessive alcohol intake stimulates the system (formed by the brain receptors responsible for producing adrenaline) which will increase the heart rate and worsen a picture of the arrhythmia.

Run away from ‘’hard diets’’

Diets with very high calorie restriction or diets with more liquids can lead to metabolic disorders, nutrient deficiency and dehydration.All of these conditions can change the rhythm of the heartbeat as more or less. A diet low in vitamin E, C and B complex can interfere with the blood pressure,increase heart rate and cause arrhythmias.

Sleep well

Problem during the night, especially sleep apnea increase the risk of arrhythmia. The breath of people with apnea becomes more intense during the night because of obstruction in the airways. In this way, the effort to breathe generates an increase in blood pressure,raise the heartbeat and increase the risk of arrhythmia or complications.

Do exercises regularly

Surveys show that the practice of physical activity mild to moderate decreases the incidence of arrhythmias. Sedentary people have up to 25% more likely to suffer an arrhythmia. However, it is important to do a physical evaluation before you start training, because some heart problems limit the type of exercises that can be carried out without risks to health.

Attention to the fats

Excessive consumption of fats may cause indirectly in the incidence of arrhythmias. Fat can particularly form plaques in the wall of the blood vessels in coronary. This accumulation of fat increases blood pressure and can cause arrhythmias, such as other cardiovascular diseases.

Cigarette

Nicotine leads to release of substances such as adrenaline which stimulates the heart, elevates heart rate and causes palpitations. Studies have shown that even people who have smoked and have stopped are at more risk of experiencing fibrillation arterial.

 

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